Southern European Politics


Jose M. Magone
Contemporary Spanish Politics
2nd
0415421896
Routledge
Antonio Costa Pinto
Contemporary Portugal: Politics, Society and Culture
2nd
978-0-88033-947-6
Columbia University Press
Jose M. Magone
The Politics of Southern Europe: Integration into the European Union
1st
0275977870
Praeger


50% - Major Paper
50% - Final Examination

Fundamentals of Comparative Politics

1. What are comparative politics?
2. What is the comparative method?
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the comparative method?

Arend Lijphart (1971) Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method. The American Political Science Review. 65(3). 682-693. http://www.sinc.sunysb.edu/Stu/msekerci/Teaching/ljphart_comparativemethod.pdf


4. What are “area studies” and what advantages and disadvantages does this approach have over others?

Robert H. Bates (1997) “Area Studies and the Discipline: A Useful  Controversy.” PS: Political Science and Politics. 30, 166-169. On Reserve.

5. Define the terms “nation,” “state,” “country,” and “nation-state.” Give examples of each, comparing and contrasting them.

Max Weber (1918) “Politics as a Vocation.” http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/polisci/ethos/Weber-vocation.pdf

Excerpt entitled “The Nation as Imagined Community” from Benedict Anderson (1983) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. http://www.nationalismproject.org/what/anderson.htm

5. Define, compare, and contrast the terms “monarchy,” “aristocracy,” and “democracy.” Give examples of each. Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of both.

Book III of Aristotle (350BCE) Politics. http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/politics.3.three.html

6. Define the terms “direct democracy” and “republic” and give examples of each. Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of both.
7. Define the terms “unitary state,” “federation,” and “confederation” and give examples of each. Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of both.
8. Define the terms “institution” and “structure” as they pertain to comparative politics, giving examples of both.
9. Define the terms “law” and “norm” and give examples.
10. Define the term “constitution” and give examples.
11. Define the term “legislature” and give examples.
12. Define the terms “society” and “community” and give examples.
13. Define the terms “authority” and “legitimacy” and give examples.
14. Define the terms “development/developed,” “underdeveloped,” and “modernized/modernization” and give examples.

Variations on the Executive/Legislative Theme

Chapter 2 “The World of Electoral Systems” of Andrew Reynolds, Ben Reilly and Andrew Ellis (Editors) (2005) Electoral System Design: the New International IDEA Handbook.
http://www.idea.int/publications/esd/upload/esd_chapter2.pdf

Chapter 3 “The Systems and Their Consequences”of Andrew Reynolds, Ben Reilly and Andrew Ellis (Editors) (2005) Electoral System Design: the New International IDEA Handbook. http://www.idea.int/publications/esd/upload/esd_chapter3.pdf


1. Define the general terms “presidential system” and “parliamentary system.” Compare and contrast the two in terms of their advantages, disadvantages, and risks.
2. The terms “first past the post system,” “plurality system,” “single-member district system,” and winner take all system” are essentially synonymous with regards to the election of legislators. Define this form of selecting members of a legislature. How many parties tend to emerge in this sort of system and why?
3. The terms “proportional system” and “multiple winner system” are essentially synonymous with regards to the election of legislators. Define this form of selecting members of a legislature. How many parties tend to emerge in this sort of system and why?
4. What are the relative advantages and disadvantages to the two general types of legislator election techniques?
5. Define the term “gerrymander.”
6. Define the terms “unicameral” and “bicameral.” What are the advantages and disadvantages of each relative to one another? Give examples of both and be able to discuss them in terms of the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Connecticut or Great Compromise.
7. Define the term “government” in terms of its synonymy with the executive branch of a state and give examples.

Variations on the Executive/Legislative Theme

Chapter 2 “The World of Electoral Systems” of Andrew Reynolds, Ben Reilly and Andrew Ellis (Editors) (2005) Electoral System Design: the New International IDEA Handbook.
http://www.idea.int/publications/esd/upload/esd_chapter2.pdf

Chapter 3 “The Systems and Their Consequences”of Andrew Reynolds, Ben Reilly and Andrew Ellis (Editors) (2005) Electoral System Design: the New International IDEA Handbook. http://www.idea.int/publications/esd/upload/esd_chapter3.pdf

1. Define the general terms “presidential system” and “parliamentary system.” Compare and contrast the two in terms of their advantages, disadvantages, and risks.
2. The terms “first past the post system,” “plurality system,” “single-member district system,” and winner take all system” are essentially synonymous with regards to the election of legislators. Define this form of selecting members of a legislature. How many parties tend to emerge in this sort of system and why?
3. The terms “proportional system” and “multiple winner system” are essentially synonymous with regards to the election of legislators. Define this form of selecting members of a legislature. How many parties tend to emerge in this sort of system and why?
4. What are the relative advantages and disadvantages to the two general types of legislator election techniques?
5. Define the term “gerrymander.”
6. Define the terms “unicameral” and “bicameral.” What are the advantages and disadvantages of each relative to one another? Give examples of both and be able to discuss them in terms of the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Connecticut or Great Compromise.
7. Define the term “government” in terms of its synonymy with the executive branch of a state and give examples.

What is Southern Europe?

Magone (2003) – Chapter 1 
Magone (2009) – Chapter 8

1. Define the geographic characteristics that define Southern Europe as a region.
2. Define the Third Wave of Democratization and what does it specifically have to do with Southern Europe
3. When discussing the concept of the “world-system” what do we mean by the terms “periphery,” “semi-periphery,” and “core?”  Which of these categories do the states of Southern Europe fit best in and why?

1997. “Summary of Wallerstein on World System Theory.” Modern History Sourcebook, ed. Paul Halsall. Fordam.   Based Upon: Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/wallerstein.html

4. Define the terms “clientelism” and “patronage” and give examples.  What are the potential effects of these structures on states’ abilities to maintain democracy and to support a developing economy?
5. Define the term “authoritarianism” and give examples.
6. Which state is the most developed and powerful of the states of Southern Europe?  Why might this be?

 

The European Union

1. For what purpose was the European Union created?
2. What is the basic institutional arrangement of the European Union? Over what does it have sovereign rights and by what process(es) can the European Union pass binding legislation over its member states?
3. What are the primary foreign policy issues (security, economic, and other) of concern in and to the states of Southern Europe? What are the various policies these states have to deal with these issues and to what degree do they maintain unanimity amongst themselves and with their fellow EU states?
4. Define the term “intergovernmental organization.” Give examples.
5. What IGOs other than the EU are particularly important to the states of Southern Europe?
6. What is the state of development of militaries amongst the states of Southern Europe and how are these militaries usually used?

 
The Italian Republic


Bull and Newell – Chapters 7 and 8
Magone (2003) – Chapter 3

The Portuguese Republic


Magone (2003) – Chapter 3

The Spanish Kingdom

Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain: http://www.senado.es/constitu_i/indices/consti_ing.pdf

Magone (2003) – Chapter 3
Magone (2009) – Chapter 3

The Greek Republic


Magone (2003) – Chapter 3

Subnational Institutions and Structures

Bull and Newell – Chapter 9
Magone (2009) – Chapter 5
 
1. Define the terms “unitary state,” “federation,” and “confederation” and give examples of each.  Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of both.
2. Is Italy a unitary, federal, or confederal state?  Are there well-defined regional identities in Italy? Is the degree of institutional unity a reflection of an effort to suppress native regionalism or exploit it (use it to prevent the dominance of one region over another) or otherwise? What are the balance-of powers and methods of interaction between the central and sub-national governments?
3. Is Portugal a unitary, federal, or confederal state?  Are there well-defined regional identities in Portual? Is the degree of institutional unity a reflection of an effort to suppress native regionalism or exploit it (use it to prevent the dominance of one region over another) or otherwise? What are the balance-of powers and methods of interaction between the central and sub-national governments?
4. Is Spain a unitary, federal, or confederal state?  Are there well-defined regional identities in Spain? Is the degree of institutional unity a reflection of an effort to suppress native regionalism or exploit it (use it to prevent the dominance of one region over another) or otherwise? What are the balance-of powers and methods of interaction between the central and sub-national governments?
5. Is Greece a unitary, federal, or confederal state?  Are there well-defined regional identities in Greece? Is the degree of institutional unity a reflection of an effort to suppress native regionalism or exploit it (use it to prevent the dominance of one region over another) or otherwise? What are the balance-of powers and methods of interaction between the central and sub-national governments?
6. How has membership in the European Union encouraged sub-national identities to assert themselves?

Factionalism in Southern Europe

Bull and Newell – Chapters 3 and 7
Magone (2003) – Chapter 4
Magone (2009) – Chapter 4

1. Define the terms “ideology” and “political party.”  Give examples of both, and describe the relationship between the two. Specifically explain (a) why candidates join parties and (b) what role parties play in the democratic process.
2. Define the mainstream ideological spectrum in Italy (those parties which are represented in the Italian parliament).  Which parties have dominated the Italian discourse, why, and through what political means (through one-party dominance or through coalition governance)? How has this particular party system made possible by the institutional arrangements of Italy, specifically in terms of the legislature’s electoral design?
3. What was the tangentopoli? 
4. Define the mainstream ideological spectrum in Portugal (those parties which are represented in the Portuguese parliament).  Which parties have dominated the Portuguese discourse, why, and through what political means (through one-party dominance or through coalition governance)? How has this particular party system made possible by the institutional arrangements of Italy, specifically in terms of the legislature’s electoral design?
5. Define the mainstream ideological spectrum in Spain (those parties which are represented in the Spanish parliament).  Which parties have dominated the Spanish discourse, why, and through what political means (through one-party dominance or through coalition governance)? How has this particular party system made possible by the institutional arrangements of Italy, specifically in terms of the legislature’s electoral design?
6. Define the mainstream ideological spectrum in Greece (those parties which are represented in the Greek parliament).  Which parties have dominated the Greek discourse, why, and through what political means (through one-party dominance or through coalition governance)? How has this particular party system made possible by the institutional arrangements of Italy, specifically in terms of the legislature’s electoral design?

Southern Europe and the European Union

Bull and Newell – Chapter 12
Magone (2003) – Chapter 8
Magone (2009) – Chapters 9 and 10

1. For what purpose was the European Union created?
2. What is the basic institutional arrangement of the European Union?  Over what does it have sovereign rights and by what process(es) can the European Union pass binding legislation over its member states?
3. What are the primary foreign policy issues (security, economic, and other) of concern in and to the states of Southern Europe? What are the various policies these states have to deal with these issues and to what degree do they maintain unanimity amongst themselves and with their fellow EU states?
4. Define the term “intergovernmental organization.” Give examples.

5. What IGOs other than the EU are particularly important to the states of Southern Europe?
6. What is the state of development of militaries amongst the states of Southern Europe and how are these militaries usually used?