American Foreign Policy

David Bernell
Readings in American Foreign Policy
G. John Ikenberry
American Foreign Policy: Theoretical Essays
Houghton Mifflin Company
Howard Jones
Crucible of Power: A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913
Rowman & Littlefield
Howard Jones
Crucible of Power: A History of American Foreign Relations from 1897
Rowman & Littlefield

50% - Major Paper
50% - Final Examination

Introduction to the Course

Fundamentals of American Foreign Policy

Bernell (Chapter 6 – Noam Chomsky, “Dilemmas of Dominance”)
Ikenberry (Chapter 1.1 – Ole R. Holsti, “Models of International Relations and Foreign Policy”)

Traditions of American Foreign Policy

A. Isolationism

Bernell (Chapter 1 – Cecil Crabb, “The Isolationist Heritage” & Chapter 4 – Joshua Muravchik, “The New Great Debate-Washington Versus Wilson)

George Washington (1796) “Farewell Address”

B. Manifest Destiny

Julius W. Pratt (1927) “The Origin of ‘Manifest Destiny.’” The American Historical Review. 32/ 4   Moodle

John Winthrop (1630) “A Model of Christian Charity”

John L. O’Sullivan (1839) "The Great Nation of Futurity," The United States Democratic Review, Volume 6, Issue 23, pp. 426-430.

Rudyard Kipling (1899) “The White Man’s Burden”

C. Internationalism

Bernell [Chapter 4 – Joshua Muravchik, “The New Great Debate-Washington Versus Wilson” (REVIEW)]

Jeffrey W. Legro (2000) “Whence American Internationalism.”  International Organization.  54/2 Moodle

D. Exceptionalism

Seymour Martin Lipset (1996) “American Exceptionalism:  A Double Edged Sword”

Bernell (Chapter 5 – Harold Hongju Koh, “America’s Jekyll-and-Hyde Exceptionalism”)

Seymour Martin Lipset (2000) “Still the Exceptional Nation?” Wilson Quarterly.  24/1. Moodle

Theoretical Approaches to American Foreign Policy

A. American Realism

Bernell (Chapter 2 – Hans J. Morgenthau, “The Mainsprings of American Foreign Policy”)

Ikenberry (Chapter  2.1 – Kenneth Waltz, “Anarchic Orders and Balances of Power” & “Toward a Realist Theory of State Action”)

B. Structural Realism

John J. Mearsheimer (2007) Chapter 4 – “Structural Realism” in Timothy Dunne, Milja Kurki & Steve

Smith (editors) International Relations Theories.

Hans J. Morgenthau (2006) “Part Four: Limitations of National Power: The Balance Power.” Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. Moodle

C. Bureaucracy

Bernell (Chapter 9 – Howard Wiarda, “Beyond the Pale: The Bureaucratic Politics of United States Policy in Mexico”)

Ikenberry (Chapter 6.1 – Graham T. Allison, “Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” & Chapter 6.2 – Stephen D. Krasner, “Are Bureaucracies Important? (Or Allison Wonderland)”)

D. Domestic Institutions

Ikenberry (Chapter 4.1 – Samuel P. Huntington,” “American Ideals versus American Institutions.”

Chapter 4.2 –Michael Mastanduno, “The United States Political System and International Leadership: A "Decidedly Inferior" Form of Government?,” Chapter 4.3 – G. John Ikenberry, “America’s Liberal Grand

Strategy: Democracy and National Security in the Post-War Era,” & Chapter 4.4 – Robert O. Keohane, “Ironies of Sovereignty: The European Union and the United States”

G. John Ikenberry (1999) “Why Export Democracy: The ‘Hidden Grand Strategy’ of American Foreign Policy.”  The Wilson Quarterly.  23/2 Moodle

James Lee Ray’s “Democracy: On the Level(s), Does Democracy Correlate with Peace?”  From John A. Vasquez’s What Do We Know About War? (2000) Moodle

E. The Elites

Bernell (Chapter 7 – Louis Fisher, “Presidential Wars” and Chapter 8 – James M. Lindsay, “Deference and Defiance: The Shifting Rhythms of Executive-Legislative Relations in Foreign Policy”)

F. Public Opinion

Bernell (Chapter 10 – Warren P. Strobel, “The CNN Effect: Myth or Reality” & Richard Sobel, “Extending the Theory of Public Opinion in American Foreign Policy: Public Opinion as Intervention Constraint”)

Ikenberry ( Chapter 5.1 – Michael  Roskin, “From Pearl Harbor to Vietnam: Shifting Generational Paradigms and Foreign Policy,” Chapter 5.2 – Alexander  L. George, “Domestic Constraints on Regime Change in U.S. Foreign Policy: The Need for Policy Legitimacy,” & Chapter 5.4 – Peter  Trubowitz, “Public Opinion and Foreign Policy: Challenges to the Almond-Lippmann Consensus”

G. Geopolitics, Scarcity, and Commons

Paul K. Huth’s “Territory: Why Are Territorial Disputes Between States a Central Cause of International Conflict?”  From John A. Vasquez’s What Do We Know About War? (2000)  Moodle

Chapter 1 “Discussion of the Elements of Sea Power” of A.T. Mahan’s The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)

David E. Sanger (1998) “Ideas & Trends: Contagion Effect; A Guide to the Modern Domino Theory.” The New York Times.

Malthus, Thomas (1798) Excerpts from “An Essay on the Principle of Population, As It Affects the Future Improvement of Society With Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers.” on Modern History Sourcebook:

H. Prestige

Thucydides  (431 BCE) - “The Melian Dialogue.” From Book V of History of the Peloponnesian Wars.

Niccolò Machiavelli (1532) The Prince.

Barry O’Neill (2002) “Nuclear Weapons and the Pursuit of Prestige (draft).” Department of Political Science, UCLA.

I. Soft Power

Nye, Joseph (2005) “The Changing Nature of Power,” “Sources of American Soft Power,” and “Other’s Soft Power.” Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. (Chapters 1-3);  Moodle

J. Neoliberalism and Interstate Institutions

Michael W. Doyle (1986) “Liberalism and World Politics.” The American Political Science Review.  80/4. Moodle

Wendt, Alexander (1992) “Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction  of Power Politics.”  International Organizations. 46/2 (391-425) Moodle

Immanuel Kant (1795) Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch.

K. Marxian Approaches

Lenin, V.I. (1916) Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.

“Modern History Sourcebook: Summary of Wallerstein on World Systems Theory” based on Immanuel Wallerstein’s (1974) The Modern World System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World Economy in the Sixteenth Century
Major Periods in American Foreign Policy

Charles P. Kindleberger (1977) “U.S. Foreign Economic Policy, 1776-1976.” Foreign Affairs.  55/3. 

A. The American Revolution and Early Expansionism

Jones (To 1913) Ch. 1

B. The First Isolationist Period

Jones (To 1913) Ch. 2 & 3

Washington, George (1793) “Proclamation of Neutrality.”  

Washington, George (1796) “Farewell Address.”

C. The War of 1812

Jones (To 1913) Ch. 4

D. The Second Wave of Expansionism

Jones (To 1913) Ch. 5, 6, 7, & 8

E. The American Civil War

Jones (To 1913) Ch. 9

F. The Third Wave of Expansionism

Bernell (Part III – “An Emerging Power at the Turn of the Century: Creating a Global American Foreign Policy”)

Jones (To 1913) Ch. 10, 11, & 12

Roosevelt, Theodore (1904) “Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine”

G. The First World War and Internationalism

Bernell [Part III – “An Emerging Power at the Turn of the Century: Creating a Global American Foreign Policy”(REVIEW)]

Jones (Since 1897) Ch.3, 4, & 5

Wilson, Woodrow (1918) “’Fourteen Points’ Speech”

H. The Second Period of Isolationism

Jones (Since 1897) Ch. 6

Butler, Smedley (1935) War is a Racket.

I. The Second World War

Jones (Since 1897) Ch.7 & 8

J. The Cold War

Bernell (Part IV – “The Cold War: The Foreign Policy of a Superpower”)

Ikenberry (Chapter 2.2 – Melvyn P. Leffler, “The American Conception of National Security and the Beginnings of the Cold War, 1945-1948”)

Jones (Since 1897) Ch. 9-16

The Truman Doctrine (1947)

The Carter Doctrine (1980)

K. The Post-Cold War Period

Bernell (Part V – “After the Cold War: A New World Order” & Part VI – “September 11 and Beyond: Contemporary American Foreign Policy”)

Ikenberry (Chapter 8.1 – Samuel P. Huntington “The Lonely Superpower,” Chapter 8.2 – Charles Krauthammer, “The Unipolar Moment Revisited,” Chapter 8.3 – G. John Ikenberry, “America’s Imperial Ambition,”  & Chapter 8.4 – Robert Jervis, “Understanding the Bush Doctrine”

Jones (Since 1897) Ch.17

The Bush Doctrine (2002) “The National Security Strategy of the United States”

Fukuyama, Francis (1989) “The End of History?”  The National Interest.

Huntington, Samuel (1993) “The Clash of Civilizations.” Foreign Affairs.  72/3:22-28. Moodle


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